Archive for June, 2010 – There is new evidence of a link between vitamin D levels and higher-order cognitive function (or “executive functions”), according to Agricultural Research Service (ARS)-funded scientists. Cognitive function is measured by the level at which the brain is able to manage and use available information for activities of daily life. Alzheimer’s disease, the most […] – Resveratrol – found in red wine, grapes, blueberries, peanuts and other plants – stops out-of-control blood vessel growth in the eye, according to vision researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis. The discovery has implications for preserving vision in blinding eye diseases such as diabetic retinopathy and age-related macular degeneration, […] – A simple, inexpensive and noninvasive carotid artery ultrasound of the neck can be used as a preliminary diagnostic tool for coronary artery disease (CAD), according to new research from NYU Langone Medical Center. This may be an alternative to the standard, expensive and more invasive coronary angiography. The ultrasound test can also be […] – Recent studies suggest a new role for the natural cytokine interleukin-10 (IL-10)in helping to prevent brain damage from meningitis. The bacterium Escherichia coli K1 is the most common cause of meningitis in premature infants and the second most common cause of the disease in newborns. “The ineffectiveness of antibiotics in treating newborns with […] – The human body contains more bacteria than it does cells. These bacterial communities can have a positive effect on our health, by training our immune systems and helping to metabolize the foods we eat. But they can also set us up to develop digestive disorders, skin diseases, and obesity. Now a new NIH-funded […] – The mucosal immune system, which stands like a military battalion protecting the nasal passages, intestinal lining, and other vulnerable surfaces of the human body, is often the first to tangle with microbial invaders. It’s also of considerable interest to researchers who hope to improve vaccines, treat diseases, and even quell allergies and asthma. […]